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19 Types of Tree Frogs in the United States (Pictures)

Tree frogs are fascinating frog species that make great pets and are fun to observe, especially in their natural habitats. They get their names from their ability to climb smooth surfaces and broad leaves using the sticky pads on each of their toes. The pads secrete a fluid that acts as an adhesive for easy gripping.

You can find tree frogs on every continent, except Antarctica. They prefer warmer climates and can be found in forests, marshes, grasslands, or other aquatic habitats. Over 30 tree frog species live in the United States and can be further categorized down into the 19 main types of tree frogs detailed in this article.

Let’s learn more about these tree-dwelling amphibians!

1. Cricket Frogs

Blanchard's cricket frog
Blanchard’s cricket frog | image by USFWS Midwest Region via Flickr

Scientific genus: Acris

The Cricket frog gets its name because their call resembles that of a cricket. There are three species of this genus in the United States: the Blanchard’s Cricket frog (Acris blanchardi), Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans), and Southern Cricket Frog (Acris gryllus). These frogs are typically between 0.5 to 1.5 inches in length.

The Blanchard’s Cricket frog is widely distributed from north of the Ohio River and in southern states west of the Mississippi River. You can find the Northern species from southern New York down to the Florida panhandle, west to Texas and southeastern New Mexico, as well as north to Wisconsin, South Dakota, and Michigan. The Southern species typically live on the coastal plains from southeastern Virginia to eastern Louisiana and Mississippi.


2. Pine Barrens Tree Frog

Pine Barrens tree frog
Pine Barrens tree frog | image by R. Tuck via Wikimedia Commons

Scientific name: Hyla andersoni

The Pine Barrens tree frog grows up to 2 inches long. They are bright green with brownish-purple stripes running down each side of their body and orange spots on their legs, groin, and armpits. These frogs can be found in North and South Carolina sandhills, Alabama, New Jersey pine barrens, and the Florida panhandle.


3. Canyon Tree Frog

Canyon tree frog
Canyon tree frog | image by tippeni via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

Scientific name: Hyla arenicolor

Canyon tree frogs are typically grey-green, grey-brown, or brown with darker blotching to match the rock and soil of their habitats. You can typically find them in rocky plateaus with a permanent water source from southern Utah to central Colorado and south to the Texas Big Bend region. There are also populations in New Mexico and Arizona.

These frogs grow between 2 and 2.2 inches long. They feed on small invertebrates, such as spiders, ants, beetles, and flies.


4. Bird-Voiced Tree Frog

Bird-voiced tree frog
Bird-voiced tree frog | image by Stanley Trauth via Wikimedia Commons | CC BY-SA 2.5

Scientific name: Hyla avivoca

The Bird-voiced tree frog is typically 1 to 1.75 inches in length and green, brown, or gray with dark blotches. They also have a distinctive white spot under each eye.

You can find these frogs from the extreme southern Illinois counties to the Florida panhandle and Louisana. There are also isolated populations in northeastern Georgia and along the border of South Carolina and Georgia.


5. California Tree Frog

California tree frog
California tree frog | image by Joshua Tree National Park via Flickr

Scientific name: Hyla cadaverina

You can find the California tree frog in the southwestern California regions down into northern Baja California. They typically prefer stream habitats in the Santa Monica mountains but can also be found in Joshua Tree National Park.

These frogs are between 1 and 2 inches in length and are gray or brown with darker colored blotches. They eat a variety of small invertebrates, including spiders, insects, and centipedes.


6. Gray Tree Frog

Gray tree frog
Gray tree frog | Image by Pam Carter from Pixabay

Scientific names: Hyla chrysoscelis or Hyla versicolor

You can find Gray tree frogs from Canada and Maine down to northern Florida, west to Texas, and north up to Oklahoma. There are two specific gray tree frog species in the United States: The Cope’s Gray tree frog (Hyla chrysoscelis) and the Common/Eastern Gray tree frog (Hyla versicolor).

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These frogs are typically 1 to 2 inches long, with the Eastern gray slightly bigger, growing up to an average of 2.4 inches. The Cope’s Gray tree frog is generally orange, green, or brown to whitish gray, with dark blotches and white spots under the eyes. The Eastern Gray tree frog is white to nearly black with a dark bandish pattern on their legs contrasted with bright orange or yellow undersides of their legs and arms.


7. Green Tree Frog

Green tree frog perching
Green tree frog | image by amandil_eldamar via Flickr

Scientific name: Hyla cinerea

The Green tree frog is typically bright to dark green or grayish-green. They have white stripes with black borders and usually grow between 1 and 2.5 inches in length.

These frogs prefer living in trees near permanent water bodies. You can find them along the coastal plain from Delaware down into Florida and the Keys as well as west to southern Texas and north into central Arkansas, western Tennessee, and to Illinois.


8. Spring Peeper

Spring peeper
Spring peeper | image by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Northeast Region

Scientific name: Hyla crucifer or Pseudacris crucifer

The Spring Peeper is a small chorus frog species found throughout the eastern United States as well as further north into central Wisconsin, including states such as Illinois, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, and New York.

There are two main species of spring peeper: the Northern spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer crucifer) and the Southern spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer bartramiana). Both are small, ranging between 0.75 to 1.5 inches, with the Southern species slightly bigger. The Northern species is also duller than the Southern species.


9. Mountain Tree Frog

Mountain tree frog
Mountain tree frog on wetland | image by Coconino National Forest, A via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0

Scientific name: Hyla eximia

You can find the Mountain tree frog in the mountain habitats of New Mexico and central Arizona, typically in the Sierra Madre Occidental to Guerrero mountain ranges. They are often brown or green with dark stripes and grow between 0.7 and 2.2 inches in length. Their skin is very toxic and can irritate your eyes after handling them.


10. Pine Woods Tree Frog

Pine woods tree frog
Pine woods tree frog | image by Judy Gallagher via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

Scientific name: Hyla femoralis

The Pine Woods tree frog lives along the coastal plain from southeastern Virginia to southern Florida and west along the coast towards Louisiana. There are also populations in central Alabama. However, you can’t find them in the Everglades of Florida.

These frogs make a rapid tapping sound that sounds similar to a Morse code. They also have a distinctive “bandit mask” mark on their faces. They can grow around 1.5 inches.


11. Barking Tree Frog

Barking tree frog
Barking tree frog | image by Ashley Wahlberg (Tubbs) via Flickr | CC BY-ND 2.0

Scientific name: Hyla gratiosa

As their name suggests, this loud tree frog makes a barking sound that can be 85 decibels – that’s as loud as a bus! They grow up to 2.75 inches in length and have a plump body with granular bumpy skin. Their coloring is gray, green, or brown with dark spots that fade and sometimes yellow flecks.

You can find these frogs from southeastern Virginia along the coastal plain to Louisiana and southern Florida. There are also isolated populations in the Gulf States, Kentucky, Tennessee, and southern New Jersey.


12. Pacific Tree Frog

Pacific tree frog
Pacific tree frog | image by Upupa4me via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0

Scientific name: Hyla regilla or Pseudacris regilla

Also known as the Pacific chorus frog, the Pacific tree frog can survive in a variety of habitats. They live in deserts, agricultural areas, meadows, and forested areas near some type of open water source, such as ponds, marshes, lakes, or riparian areas. You can find them on the west coast from southern British Columbia down to Baja California. They also live on the Channel Islands and east to Montana, Idaho, and Nevada.

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These frogs can grow up to 2.2 inches in length. Their smooth skin can be different shades of brown and green and have a distinctive dark line through their eyes.


13. Squirrel Treefrog

Squirrel tree frog
Squirrel tree frog | image by Judy Gallagher via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

Scientific name: Hyla squirella

The Squirrel tree frog gets their name from the squirrel-like raspy call they make. These frogs grow up to 1 or 1.5 inches in length and are typically green, gray, tan, or brown with splotches.

You can find them in the coastal plains from southeastern Virginia to Florida, including the Keys, and west along the Gulf Coast to central Texas. There are also isolated populations in Louisiana, northern Mississippi, and southeastern Oklahoma.


14. Little Grass Frog

Little grass frog
Little grass frog on a leaf | image by Morgan Freese via iNaturalist | CC BY 4.0

Scientific name: Pseudacris ocularis or Limnaoedus ocularis

The Little Grass frog is a tree frog found in the southeastern states. They live along the coastal plain from southeastern Virginia down to southern Florida and west to southeastern Alabama.

With sizes ranging from 0.4 to 0.6 inches in length, they are the smallest North American tree frogs. Their bodies are generally green, pink, reddish, or brown.


15. Cuban Tree Frog

Cuban tree frog
Cuban tree frog | Image by Disappearing Diamonds from Pixabay

Scientific name: Osteopilus septentrionalis

Although native to the Cayman Islands, Cuba, and the Bahamas, the Cuban tree frog is invasive in the United States. They are a major reason for the decline of native snakes, frogs, and small lizards. You can find them throughout southern Florida and in Hawaii, where they are a problem. They also have isolated populations in drainage systems in Colorado, Massachusetts, and southeastern Texas.

Their color varies from gray or whitish to brown or green with dark blotches and stripes. Typically they are between 1.5 and 3 inches in length but can grow up to 5.5 inches.


16. Lowland Burrowing Tree Frog

Lowland burrowing tree frog
Lowland burrowing tree frog | image by Jorge Armín Escalante Pasos via Wikimedia Commons | CC BY-SA 4.0

Scientific name: Smilisca fodiens formerly Pternohyla fodiens

The Lowland Burrowing tree frog mainly exists in the extreme south-central Arizona areas. They prefer habitats near sea level with tropical scrub forests and open mesquite grassland.

These frogs are light tan to dark brown with a creamy white underbelly and large brown blotches outlined by a pale yellow. They typically reach 2.25 inches long.


17. Mexican Tree Frog

Mexican tree frog on a log
Mexican tree frog on a log | image by Maximilian Paradiz via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

Scientific name: Smilisca baudini

You can only find the Mexican tree frog in the southern tip of Texas and they are the largest tree frog native to the United States. Adults can reach up to 3 or 4 inches in length. They have smooth yellow, gray, green, or dark brown skin with a light spot under their eyes. They are also unique because of the deep honking sounds they make, sounding similar to a clown.

Although not endangered in Southern America, the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department considers it a threatened species and the state fully protects it.


18. Baja California Tree Frog

Baja California tree frog
Baja California tree frog | image by steve b via Flickr

Scientific name: Pseudacris hypochondriaca

The Baja California tree frog is a species of chorus frog that is native only to the Channel Islands off the southern California coast. However, you can find them throughout California, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, the Mojave desert, and even 11,000 feet high on Mount Whitney.

These frogs are dark gray, greenish, or reddish tint with a creamy underbelly. They are typically under 2 inches long.

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19. Chorus Frogs

Ornate chorus frog
Ornate chorus frog | image by Peter Paplanus via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

Scientific genus: Pseudacris

Besides some of the chorus frogs previously mentioned, there are many other species you can find in the United States. They are all in the genus Pseudacris, which comes from the words psuedes and akris meaning false locust in Greek. This reference relates to the sound chorus frogs make, which is a rasping trill similar to an insect. Below are 14 different chorus frog species found in the United States.

1. Mountain Chorus Frog (Pseudacris brachyphona)+

Mountain chorus frog
Mountain chorus frog | image by iNaturalistvia Wikimedia Commons

These frogs are found in a band from southwestern Pennsylvania and southeastern Ohio to central Alabama. They also live in Mississippi and West Virginia.

2. Brimley’s Chorus Frog (Pseudacris brimleyi)

You can find these frogs along the coastal plain from eastern Virginia to eastern Georgia.

3. Spotted Chorus Frog (Pseudacris clarki)

Spotted chorus frog
Spotted chorus frog on the ground | image by Joe Brewer via Wikimedia Commons | CC BY 4.0

You can find these frogs from central Kansas down to central Texas and the Gulf of Mexico. They also live in Montana.

4. Western Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata)

Western chorus frog
Western chorus frog | image by photogramma1 via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0

Commonly called just the Chorus frog, this species is widespread from Canada to northern New York south to Georgia, and west to Arizona, except New England, the southern coast, and the northern Appalachians.

5. Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculate)

Boreal chorus frog
Boreal chorus frog | image by Peter Paplanus via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

Although native to Canada, these frogs also live in Montana down to Arizona and New Mexico and through most of the central states to New York.

6. Southern Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita)

Southern chorus frog
Southern Chorus Frog | image by Peter Paplanus via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

You can find these frogs along the coastal plain from eastern North Carolina to Florida and southern Mississippi.

7. Ornate Chorus Frog (Pseudacris ornata)

Ornate chorus frog in wetland
Ornate Chorus Frog | image by Peter Paplanus via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

These frogs live along the coastal plain from North Carolina to eastern Louisiana and northern Florida.

8. Strecker’s Chorus Frog (Pseudacris steckeri)

Strecker’s chorus frog
Strecker’s chorus frog | image by Ashley Wahlberg (Tubbs) via Flickr | CC BY-ND 2.0

You can find these frogs from western Arkansas and north-central Oklahoma down to Texas. They also live in southeastern Missouri and central Illinois.

9. Cajun Chorus Frog (Pseudacris fouquettei)

Cajun chorus frog
Cajun chorus frog | image by Ashley Wahlberg (Tubbs) via Flickr | CC BY-ND 2.0

Typically in ground-level vegetation, these frogs can be found in eastern Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, and western Mississippi.

10. Upland Chorus Frog (Pseudacris feriarum)

Upland chorus frog
Upland chorus frog | image by Northeast Coastal & Barrier Network via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0

These frogs are found throughout the eastern states, including the Florida panhandle and eastern Texas counties.

11. New Jersey Chorus Frog (Pseudacris feriarum)

New Jersey chorus frog
New Jersey Chorus Frog resting | image by milkweedhunter via iNaturalist | CC BY 4.0

While typically found in the southern and eastern areas of New Jersey, these frogs also live in southeastern Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, and the Delmarva Peninsula of eastern Maryland.

12. Illinois Chorus Frog (Pseudacris illinoensis)

Illinois chorus frog
Illinois chorus frog | image by Stanley Trauth via Wikimedia Commons | CC BY-SA 2.5

You can find these frogs in southwestern and west-central Illinois as well as northeastern Arkansas and southeastern Missouri.

13. Florida Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita)

These frogs are found throughout Florida in forest and wetland habitats. They also live in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia.

14. Sierran Chorus Frog (Pseudacris sierra)

Sierran chorus frog
Sierran chorus frog on plants | image by Franco Folini via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0

Also known as the Sierran tree frog, you can find these frogs from the West Coast and central California inland to Idaho.