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8 Animals That End With the Letter F (Photos, Facts)

Whether you ended up here while playing a word game or out of curiosity of animals, this article explores a few species that end with the letter F. From the Arctic Wolf to the chiffchaff, we’ve got 8 different animals to see. 

1. Arctic wolf

Arctic wolf
Arctic wolf

Scientific Name: Canis lupus arctos

The Arctic wolf, a subspecies of the gray wolf, is adapted to the harsh environment of the Arctic Circle, encompassing regions of North America and Greenland. Characterized by their thick, white fur which provides insulation, they are smaller than some other wolf subspecies, an adaptation to reduce heat loss.

Arctic wolves are highly social animals, living in packs led by an alpha male and female. They are apex predators, primarily feeding on muskoxen, Arctic hares, and caribou.

Arctic wolves are one of the few mammal species that can survive the Arctic’s extreme cold, thanks to their dense fur, smaller ears, and shorter muzzle and legs. Unlike other wolves, the Arctic wolf rarely comes into contact with humans and therefore has less fear of them. They have a high level of endurance which enables them to cover vast distances in search of food.

2. Mastiff

Mastiff breed
Mastiff breed | image by Andrey Shkvarchuk via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0

Scientific Name: Canis lupus familiaris

The Mastiff is a breed of large dogs known for their massive size, strength, and gentle demeanor. Characterized by a broad head, muscular build, and a short coat that comes in colors such as fawn, apricot, or brindle, Mastiffs are distinguished by their protective nature and loyalty to their families. Despite their intimidating appearance, they are known for being affectionate with their owners and gentle with children.

Mastiffs are natural guardians of the home, often reserved with strangers but not aggressive. They require moderate exercise and enjoy being part of family activities. Originally bred in England for guarding estates and as war dogs, Mastiffs are now popular as companion animals across the world. 

3. Tibetan mastiff

Tibetan Mastiff in a dog show
Tibetan mastiff in a dog show | image by Andrea Arden via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

Scientific Name: Canis lupus familiaris

The Tibetan mastiff is a majestic and powerful dog breed originating from the Tibetan Plateau – a region renowned for its harsh climate and high altitudes. Characterized by its impressive size, thick double coat, and heavy, lion-like mane around its neck, this breed exudes an imposing presence. Tibetan mastiffs are known for their strong-willed, protective, and independent nature, making them excellent guardians of livestock and property.

Despite their size, they are surprisingly agile and capable of enduring the rugged terrains of their native habitat. They exhibit a deep, resonant bark, which they use effectively to alert their owners of any intrusion. Traditionally, these dogs were isolated in the Himalayas, contributing to their distinct characteristics and behavior. Today, they are revered for their loyalty and are found in homes worldwide, though they still thrive best with ample space to roam.

4. Common chiffchaff

Common chiffchaff perched
Common chiffchaff perched | image by Birds of Gilgit-Baltistan via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0
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Scientific Name: Phylloscopus collybita

The Common chiffchaff is a small, leaf-warbler known for its distinctive “chiff-chaff” song, from which it gets its name. This bird has olive-green upperparts and off-white underparts, with dark legs and a tail that it often flicks while foraging for insects in trees and bushes. Found across Europe and Asia, it migrates to the Mediterranean and sub-Saharan Africa to overwinter.

The Common chiffchaff prefers woodlands, gardens, and shrub areas as its habitat, adapting well to various environments. One of the first migratory songbirds to arrive in spring, its song is a welcome herald of changing seasons. Despite its small size, the chiffchaff is noted for its resilience and adaptability, often returning to the same breeding territory year after year.

5. Gray wolf

Gray Wolf
Gray wolf | Image by keyouest from Pixabay

Scientific Name: Canis lupus

The Gray wolf is a keystone predator native to the wilderness and remote areas of North America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Distinguished by its larger size compared to other canids, the Gray wolf possesses a dense fur coat that varies in color from pure white to black, though most commonly gray. These social animals live and hunt in packs, a structure that is complex and hierarchical, led by an alpha male and female.

Wolves are known for their iconic howling, which serves to communicate across long distances in their expansive territories. They are versatile hunters, primarily preying on large ungulates, but can adapt their diet to smaller mammals and livestock.

Gray wolves play a critical role in maintaining the health of their natural habitat by controlling the population of their prey and removing sick and injured animals. Despite their importance to ecosystem balance, gray wolves have faced challenges due to human encroachment and were once near extinction in parts of their range.

6. Eastern wolf

Eastern wolf in the forest
Eastern wolf in the forest | image by Michael Runtz via Wikimedia Commons | CC BY 2.0

Scientific Name: Canis lupus lycaon

The Eastern wolf is a subspecies of the Gray wolf found primarily in the eastern parts of North America, particularly in regions like Algonquin Provincial Park in Ontario, Canada, and surrounding areas. Slightly smaller than the Gray wolf, the Eastern wolf has a distinctive coat that ranges from reddish-brown to gray and is known for its narrower frame and smaller feet. This wolf subspecies adapts to a mixed-forest habitat, thriving in areas where forests meet open spaces.

The Eastern wolf’s diet is diverse, feeding on white-tailed deer, moose calves, beavers, and smaller mammals. Unique among North American wolves, the Eastern wolf often forms smaller packs, possibly due to the size and availability of their prey. Their behaviors and social structures reflect their adaptation to their specific environmental conditions.

7. Red wolf

Red wolf in the wild
Red wolf in the wild | Image by Šárka Jonášová from Pixabay

Scientific Name: Canis rufus

The Red wolf is a distinct species native to the southeastern United States, highly endangered and currently found in the wild only in eastern North Carolina.

In size, it’s somewhere between the Gray wolf and the coyote and isrecognizable by its reddish-tan fur, broad snout, and long legs. Historically, Red wolves occupied a wide range from the east coast to central Texas, inhabiting forests, wetlands, and bushlands.

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This species is unique for its adaptability to various ecosystems but prefers habitats with a mix of forest and prairie, where it can hunt its prey, including small mammals, deer, and raccoons.

8. Ruff

Ruff | image by yrjö jyske via Flickr | CC BY 2.0

Scientific Name: Calidris pugnax

The Ruff is a medium-sized wading bird known for its breeding plumage and unique courtship displays. Males, known as Ruffs, display a wide range of colors and feather arrangements on their necks and heads, from white to black and various shades in between, while females, called reeves, are generally smaller and more uniformly colored.

This species is distinctive for its polygynous mating system, where males compete on leks (display grounds) to attract females. Ruffs are migratory birds, breeding in marshes and wet meadows across northern Europe and Asia, and wintering in southern Europe, Africa, and southern Asia. Their diet mainly consists of insects, small fish, and seeds.