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14 Wildflowers in Georgia (with Photos)

Georgia is a state in the southeastern United States that boasts diverse ecosystems and stunning landscapes, making it a captivating realm of nature’s vibrant beauty. Among this region’s many treasures, the wildflowers in Georgia hold a special place, ornamenting its fields, woodlands, and meadows with a kaleidoscope of colors.

This article will give you a glimpse of some of the state’s wildflowers, each of which possesses its own unique beauty and significance. 

14 Wildflowers in Georgia

The state wildflower of Georgia is the native azalea, designated in 1979. Azaleas bloom between March and August, producing large blooms of yellow, pink, orange, red, and everything in between. This beautiful, ornamental shrub can be found across the state. 

Let’s look at 14 more interesting wildflowers in Georgia.

1. White Baneberry

White baneberry
A white baneberry | image by Joshua Mayer via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Actaea pachypoda
  • Zone: 3-8
  • Where to see: All of Georgia
  • Season: May to June

White Baneberry, also known as Doll’s Eyes, is a unique wildflower native to North America, including Georgia. It’s a perennial plant that’s well-known for its eye-catching white berries, which have a distinctive black spot on each that resembles an eyeball. 

Usually growing between 1.5 and 3 feet tall, they bloom in the spring with tiny white flowers arranged in racemes that resemble long spikes. These wildflowers thrive in organic, moist, and well-drained woodlands, often found in the understory of hardwood forests. 

2. Black Bugbane

Black bugbanes
The black bugbane | image by cultivar413 via Flickr | CC BY 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Actaea racemosa
  • Zone: 3-9
  • Where to see in Georgia: All of Georgia
  • Season: April or May

Black Bugbane, also known as Black Cohosh, is a wildflower renowned for its towering height (4-6 feet), dark green foliage, and spike-like clusters of small, fragrant white flowers. It’s found throughout the state and thrives in damp, well-drained, humus-rich soil environments. This plant is recognized to be a feeding source for Spring Azure butterfly larvae, and it’s also used medicinally to treat arthritis and menopausal symptoms. 

3. Common White Snakeroot 

Common white snakeroot
Common white snakeroot | image by Fritz Flohr Reynolds via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Ageratina altissima
  • Zone: 3-8
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: late summer to frost

Georgia is home to several native wildflowers, including the common white snakeroot. This beautiful plant is known for its clusters of small, fluffy white flowers that sit on top of dark green leaves, and it grows in moist, well-drained soil, but may adapt to drier soils.

You’ll frequently see them in woodland regions, along stream banks, and in shady meadows across Georgia. It was given the name because Native Americans traditionally used an extract of the roots to cure snakebites. 

4. Eastern Blue Star

Eastern blue star
Eastern blue star | image by delirium florens via Flickr | CC BY 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Amsonia tabernaemontana
  • Zone: 3-9
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: spring to early summer

The Eastern blue star is a type of flower that may be found in the rich hardwood woods, floodplains, and stream banks of the state, and it’s one of the flowers that you might see growing wild. It’s easily recognizable due to its clusters of star-shaped blooms that are a light blue color and its slender, glossy leaves.

It’s common practice to cultivate them on soil that drains well, and once established, they can withstand periods of drought. 

5. Wood Anemone

Wood anemone
Wood anemone | image by Joshua Mayer via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Anemone quinquefolia 
  • Zone: 3-8
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: April or May
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A wood anemone is a lovely spring wildflower in Georgia with a stalk that measures 4 to 8 inches long. When it begins to bloom, the basal leaves of wood anemone fall off, revealing a tiny blossom that’s either pure white or occasionally tinted with a pinkish hue.

It’s possible to locate this plant in damp hardwood forests, meadows, and fields. 

6. Plantain Pussytoes

Plantain pussytoes
A plantain pussytoes | image by Doug McGrady via Flickr | CC BY 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Antennaria plantaginifolia
  • Zone: 3-8
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: March

Plantain Pussytoes is a unique perennial wildflower native to the eastern part of North America and can also be found throughout the state of Georgia. It’s generally planted to make a silvery mat in the landscape and can grow well in poor soil.

Plantain pussytoes are easy to spot because it has rosettes of spoon-shaped leaves at the base and fuzzy white or pinkish flowerheads on a thin stalk that look like a cat’s paw.  

7. Eastern Columbine

Eastern columbine
Eastern columbine | image by Judy Gallagher via Flickr | CC BY 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Aquilegia canadensis
  • Zone: 3-8
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: Early spring

One of the wildflowers you might encounter while you’re in the state is the Eastern Columbine. This plant begins to produce flowers in the early spring, and they’re easily recognizable as bell-like nodding blossoms that are red and yellow in color. Its nectar-rich, spurred flowers are designed to attract long-tongued pollinators like hummingbirds, leading to a unique ecological niche. 

8. Clasping Milkweed

Clasping milkweed
Clasping milkweed | image by Joshua Mayer via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Asclepias amplexicaulis
  • Zone: 4-9
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: Summer 

The Clasping Milkweed is a well-known plant for providing food for many larvae, while its flowers provide food for adult butterflies. It has unusually clasping leaves due to the absence of a petiole, and it bears globular clusters of tiny flowers ranging from brilliant pink to purple-red.

Prairies, glades, rocky open forests, and roadsides are common places to find clasping milkweeds, which thrive in bright sunlight and prefer moist soil that drains well. 

9. Butterfly Weed

Butterflyweed flowers
Butterfly weed flowers | image by Judy Gallagher via Flickr | CC BY 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Asclepias tuberosa
  • Zone: 3-9
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: Late spring to summer

The Butterfly Weed is a vibrant wildflower recognized by its brilliant orange or yellow flowers and lanceolate leaves. It’s particularly common in sandy and dry prairies, open woods, and fields, and the fact that this plant serves as a food source for the larvae of butterflies, particularly Monarch and Queen butterflies, is what gives it its common name.

10. Blue Wild Indigo

Blue wild indigo
Blue wild indigo | image by Ruth Hartnup via Flickr | CC BY 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Baptisia australis
  • Zone: 3-9
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: Spring

You may have come across the blue wild indigo if you have spotted a wildflower with bluish-purple coloration around the state. The beautiful wildflower prefers soils that are well-drained to dry and can withstand drought conditions.

American Indians used this plant to extract dye for fabrics, and it’s often used as a replacement for true indigo in dye-making kits. Blue wild indigo’s inflated seed pods are also renowned for rattling in the wind after drying.

11. Alpine Violet

Alpine violet flowers
Alpine violet flowers | image by David Eickhoff via Flickr | CC BY 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Viola labradorica
  • Zone: 3-8
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: April to June

The Alpine Violet is a lovely wildflower known for its small, purple-violet flowers and heart-shaped leaves that may have a purplish hue. This plant grows well in moist and well-drained soils, and it’s commonly found in flood plains and seepage slopes.

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Alpine Violet is commonly used as a ground cover in gardens, and it adds beauty to any landscape. Additionally, it has the added benefit of attracting butterflies

12. Gray Goldenrod

Gray goldenrod flowers
Gray goldenrod flowers | image by Joshua Mayer via Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Solidago nemoralis
  • Zone: 3-9
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: Fall

In Georgia, Gray Goldenrod is one of the flowers that hummingbirds, goldfinches, and butterflies are attracted to. This plant is recognized by its slender, arching stems that bear clusters of bright yellow flowers.

It’s often found in dry, open woods, upland prairies, old fields, pastures, and roadsides all over the state. Additionally, this flower blooms from late summer to fall, which is beneficial for sustaining pollinators during the late season.

13. Joe-Pye Weed

Joe-pye weed flowers
Joe-Pye weed flowers | image by sonnia hill via Flickr | CC BY 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Eutrochium fistulosum
  • Zone: 4-10
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: July to August

The Joe-Pye Weed is a tall plant that may grow up to 10 feet tall and is known for its dusty pink flower clusters and whorled leaves. It’s one of the flowers used widely in landscaping because of the attention it draws from pollinators. Across the state, you can find Joe-Pye weeds growing in moist, rich soils in places like moist ditches, beside streams and lakes, and on the margins of roadways. 

14. Scarlet Catchfly

Scarlet catchfly (fire pink)
The scarlet catchfly (fire pink) | image by DM via Flickr | CC BY-ND 2.0
  • Scientific Name: Silene virginica 
  • Zone: 4-9
  • Where to see in Georgia: Statewide
  • Season: April to June

Scarlet Catchfly, also known as Fire Pink, is among the state’s plants with crimson flowers and lance-shaped foliage. Many people love them because they can attract Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, which are known to be drawn to red flowers.

The scarlet catchfly can commonly be found on rocky wooded slopes, roadsides, open woods, and thickets throughout the state. Its name comes from the short sticky hairs on the petiole and base of the flowers, which have a tendency to trap insects. 

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About Louise

Louise writes about a wide variety of topics including wildlife, animals, and nature. She's developed a growing interest in animal biology and categorization due to her fascination with how they interact with one another and with their surroundings.